Architecture is mostly concerned with the planning and designing of housing structures. Architects are behind every state-of-the-art structure be it a bridge, stadium, event center, or just a normal residential apartment. Their job is to design and supervise the work to ensure the structural engineers built just as designed. There are no countries on earth you won’t find architects in fact; the study of architecture has become a major course in most institutions. If you look back as far as the 15th century you’ll probably notice a lot has changed when it comes to architectural designs. There wasn’t any much attention to scrutinize architectural designs and ensure they meet required standards until around the early 90s.
The collapse of Ibrox stadium 2-years after it was constructed in Glasgow during the match between England and Scotland in April 1902 was a turning point in architectural designs. Before then, there were series of causalities across different nations of the earth due to the collapse of buildings.
Some incidences occurred because of poor construction, unskilled contractors, use of low-quality materials, and several others. Much of the blame was associated with poor designs or follow up to ensure what was on paper was the exact structure on the ground. Most deadly causalities ever recorded in human history came from the collapse of architectural works.
The mid 21st century was the beginning of architectural change across different nations. Having seen the consequences or damages caused by poor constructions due to failure on the part of architects, there was a need to review the entire system. The job of an architect was no longer given to any unskilled person to qualify as a reputable architect you’ll have to undertake several years of studies. Apart from that, you need to show proof of your past jobs and possibly get recommendations from experts to allow you to take any major project.
With the implementation of stringent measures, architects and structural engineers had to upgrade their performance. To get a single construction contract may some times take place once in a year. This implies you need to put in more than your best to construct or design a structure that will stand the test of time. Some of the early structures were not that solid, most of them got affected even by the smallest of earth tremors. Areas mostly affected were Europe, America with Japan having one of the highest records.
The middle ages had some unique characteristics like structures that were built. Some had large arches with circular shapes, others were designed using stainless glasses. The windows were little enlarged to allow for adequate ventilation especially during summer. Stainless glass was a major innovation during the middle age period, it was meant to reduce the cost of the building. Taller structures like skyscrapers and other complicate designs were some major changes that took place. But, most individuals with a phobia for height went for houses with smaller windows. Architects had a new approach to building and construction with a particular interest in the safety of users alongside nearby residents.